Toward the end of 1951, the Parliament of Iran voted overwhelmingly to nationalize the Anglo Iranian Oil Company. This company was, at the time, the wealthiest holding of the British Empire. Naturally, this made the British a bit angry. This company (now known as BP) had enjoyed monopolistic control of Iranian oil, and with its nationalization by Prime Minister Mosaddegh of Iran, it was effectively shut out of any dealings in Iranian oil. The nationalization made Mosaddegh very popular in Iran. He had defeated the imperialist English control over Iran's fate, and restored pride in being Persian. Mosaddegh did attempt to make some compromises prior to all of this but these were rejected by the Anglo Iranian Oil Company, and instead the UK had blockaded and embargoed Iran.
Through 1952, the blockade proved to be effective. As a result, the Mosaddegh government was struggling. The British bribed candidates for the Iranian Parliament and caused a lot of chaos in the Iranian political world.
By 1953, economic and political turmoil were destroying Mosaddegh's popularity. Violence between rival political groups was common. Many of Mosaddegh's supporters in the Parliament then resigned, and a referendum was made to dissolve the Parliament and give Mosaddegh legislative power. It passed with 99.9% approval, but was widely known to be rigged.
The CIA and MI6 then engineered a coup d'état and removed Mosaddegh from power. Between the time of the coup and the Iranian Islamic revolution in 1979, Iran and the USA were very close allies. Iran was prosperous, stable, and progressing more and more toward Western values and standards of living.
The reversal of the Shah's fortunes came from Sayyid Ruhollah Khomeini. The USA backed Khomeini in the revolution, the 2500 year Persian monarchy was ended and the Islamic Republic of Iran was created. The regime that both pushed the revolution forward and became its rulers was headed by Supreme Leader Grand Ayatollah Khomeini. During the revolution there was a hostage crisis and weeping and gnashing of teeth. Ultimately the USA and Iran became quite hostile to one another.
Later, in 1982, the USA supported Iraq in the Iran-Iraq war which raged from 1980 to 1988. Minor incidents followed, and this new status quo of mild hostility emerged. During the Iran-Iraq war, Qasem Soleimani commanded the 41st division. He was involved in providing support/assistance to Hezbollah in Lebanon, to Bashar al-Assad in Syria, to Russia in Syria, to the Kurds in Iraq, and then to the USA and to the Kurds in offensives against Daesh. He was a very popular General in Iran. He was killed in a drone strike on January 3rd 2020 in Baghdad. He was en route to a meeting to discuss peace with Saudi Arabia. On the 5th of January 2020, the Iraqi parliament voted unanimously for the US to withdrawal all of its troops from Iraq.
On the 8th of January 2020, the Iranian military notified the Iraqi government, who in turn notified the US government, that an attack would take place at two US military bases near Iran. The Iranians then fired missiles at the bases. No casualties were reported, and damage was said to be light as I write this.
The USA has said to its own people that General Soleimani was not going to discuss peace terms, but that he was planning an attack against the USA. The U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said on the 7th that no request for troop withdrawal from Iraq had been received by the Iraqis.
I find it very difficult to believe anything said by the corporate press or by the US government regarding anything military. This government lied the USA into war against Spain, into war against Korea, into war against Vietnam, into war against Iraq, into war against Afghanistan, into war against Syria.
Thankfully, it would appear that everyone's ego has been stroked enough to prevent further conflict for the time being. We can only hope that peace will prevail, but if I know the MIC... the temptation to foment more war may be too difficult for them to resist.
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